His perspectives evolved through trying to develop a cultural anthropology of social reproduction. These are based on the ideas of Pierre Bourdieu, James Coleman, and Robert Putnam. Pierre Bourdieu developed his theory of cultural capital and social practice with Jean-Claude Passeron [1] in France in the 1970s, as part of an effort to explain class-based differences in educational achievement. The Cultural Dimensions Of Class Formation And Class Struggle: On The Social Theory Of Pierre Bourdieu By Christian Joppke Introduction The transformation of objectively structured aggregations of position holders, who share the same relations toward the productive center of capitalist society (i.e., ownership versus non-ownership of Bourdieu's work has been an important point of departure for recent analyses of the relationship between social class and consumption practices. Pierre Bourdieu, (born August 1, 1930, Denguin, France—died January 23, 2002, Paris), French sociologist who was a public intellectual in the tradition of Émile Zola and Jean-Paul Sartre.Bourdieu’s concept of habitus (socially acquired dispositions) was influential in recent postmodernist humanities and social sciences.. Bourdieu was born into a working-class family in southern France. By Pierre Bourdieu It would be easy and tempting to deride the topic of this sym­ posium and to uncover the presuppositions it conceals under its apparent neutrality. Bourdieu sought to move social science away from variable-centered hypothesis-testing research toward a relational approach to the study of social life. The first two are part of the background story, so they get a couple of pages each here, and then Putnam – the king of social capital writers, and the key source for most discussions of the topic today – is discussed in more depth. Pierre Bourdieu's Theory On Class Distinction. , For Bourdieu, educational credentials help to reproduce and legitimatize social inequalities, as higher-class individuals are seen to deserve their place in the social structure. In the 1960s he described the dynamics of structured sets of values and ways of thinking as forming ‘the habitus’. His work on the sociology of culture continues to be highly influential, including his theories of social stratification that deals with status and power. Pierre Bourdieu was a French sociologist, anthropologist, philosopher and public intellectual, who was born on 1 August 1930 and died on 23 January 2003. This approach conceptu- alizes social action as occurring within a social space made up of intersecting fields con-ditioning and constraining the behavior of individuals and shaping their international motivational apparatus. This, he postulates, explains class inequalities in educational attainment.