Great Plains farmers are shaping the local climate, an expert says. Lesson Overview: The Dust Bowl was a decade-long catastrophe that swept up 100 million acres of topsoil in The Dust Bowl was the name given to the drought-stricken Southern Plains region of the United States, which suffered severe dust storms during … The Great Plow Up: The Economics of the Dust Bowl .

They have done so by abandoning a traditional practice called summer fallow.